Sports Injury Treatment
With increasing interest in sports and athletic activities, sports injuries are increasing.
Lower limb injuries are frequent than other injuries.
These injuries can be
- Ligament sprains
- Muscular strain
- Bony fracture
- Fatigue is important risk factor which predisposes to injuries
- Lack of flexibility in movements
- Participation in proper warm up and stretching exercises
- Use of braces e.g. ankle brace which prevents & minimizes injury
- Screening before sport season or beginning of new sport activity.
If any injury occurs during any sports activity
- Splinting or immobilization of affected limb helps in relieving pain and swelling
- Apply ice
- Give medicines or spray for temporary pain relief
- Take patient to sports injury specialist for further diagnosis and treatment
Common sports injuries include
- Hamstring Strain
- Tennis Elbow
- Golfers Elbow
- Gamekeeper’s Thumb
- Shoulder Dislocation
It is one of most common ligament injury. Is usually develops when ankle gets twisted.
Ligaments are soft tissue structures which connect bones together and stabilize the joint. Sprain occurs when ligaments are forced beyond their normal range.
Anterior cruciate ligament is important ligament which stabilizes Knee joint anteriorly. ACL is usually injured in twisting injuries of knee, commonly in sports like football, tennis, basketball.
Meniscus tear is very common knee injury. Its commonly caused by twisting injury of knee.
Shoulder is the most common joint in the body to dislocate. Due to its ball and socket design we have a great deal of mobility within the shoulder, which is directly at the cost of stability.
Shoulder joint socket is formed by bony glenoid and labrum attached to it, while ball is formed by head of humerus (arm bone). Shoulder dislocates anteriorly far more commonly than posterior. Glenoid labrum is crucial stabilizing factor that tears when shoulder dislocates. It is known as Bankart tear or Bankart lesion. When shoulder dislocates it leads to cuticle depression injury on posterolateral portion of head of humerus known as Hill sach’s lesion.
Ankle fractures can develop by twisting injuries of ankle or direct fall or impact. These are bony injuries involving lower ends of leg bones (tibia & fibula).